The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus



 
 The Mausoleum was a beautifully columned rectangle, with a pyramid shaped roof.  It was visible from all sides, even from a far distance.  The Mausoleum was the greatest funerary monument of its day.  The Mausoleum is similar to the Great Pyramids because it was the burial place for an ancient king, Mausolus of Caria.  It was built for him by his wife Artemesia.
 
  The Mausoleum was rectangular in plan and it was about 120 ft. by 100 ft.  The burial chamber was decorated in lots of gold.  It’s total height was 140 ft.  The stepped podium was 60 ft., the colonnade was 38 ft. , the pyramid section was 22 ft. , and the chariot was 20 ft.  The Mausoleum ‘s tomb was shining white.   It was also described as a brilliant jeweled building.  It was built in the 300’s B.C.

 The Mausoleum was located at the city of Bodrum, on the Aegean Sea, which is now south-western Turkey. The Mausoleum was near the isle of Rhodes. It was located at the point where the city’s roads crossed.

 Today you enter the archaeological site through a small iron doorway of  whitewashed  walls.  Beyond the gate is a small flat field.  Set around the field’s edge
are spaced stones of low enclosure walls and some modern tile shelters. Some shelters shadow the ancient staircase that leads to the tomb at the bottom of the Mausoleum.  Today tiles can be found at the bottom of the rectangular pit., supported by modern day drystone walls.  The pit holds stones of the burial chamber.
 
  Soft green lava stone of the building’s core was reused as building blocks. The fine marble stone was broken up and hauled away.  It was mostly burnt into lime to make mortar.  Charles T. Newton was the first person to start digging for the Mausoleum.  Remains found are: a wheel from the chariot , fore and hind quarters of one of the colossal horses, a female figure, statue of Mausolus, eight lions , and fragments of columns.

 

 

Web Page by: Kayla, and Kristi